When it comes to financing a property, mortgages are a common option for many individuals. However, not all mortgages are the same. There are different types of mortgages available, including simple mortgage and equitable mortgage. In this article, we will delve into the differences between these two types of mortgages, their pros and cons, and how they impact borrowers and lenders.
Simple Mortgage: Definition and Features
A simple mortgage is a conventional form of mortgage where the borrower pledges their property as security to the lender for the repayment of the loan. The lender holds the property as collateral until the borrower repays the entire loan amount along with interest. In case of default by the borrower, the lender has the right to sell the property and recover the loan amount.
One of the key features of a simple mortgage is that the ownership of the property remains with the borrower, and the lender only has a security interest in the property. The borrower retains all the rights and responsibilities of owning the property, such as the right to use, transfer, and sell the property. Additionally, the loan amount in a simple mortgage is fixed, and the borrower needs to repay the loan in installments over a specified period of time.
Equitable Mortgage: Definition and Features
On the other hand, an equitable mortgage is a type of mortgage where the borrower transfers the ownership of the property to the lender as security for the loan. The lender becomes the legal owner of the property, and the borrower holds the property in trust until the loan is fully repaid. Unlike a simple mortgage, an equitable mortgage does not require the borrower to transfer possession of the property to the lender.
In an equitable mortgage, the loan amount is not fixed, and the borrower can withdraw the loan amount as needed. The borrower pays interest on the withdrawn amount, and the lender can enforce the mortgage by selling the property in case of default by the borrower.
Pros and Cons of Simple Mortgage
There are several advantages and disadvantages of opting for a simple mortgage:
- Borrower retains ownership of the property and has the right to use, transfer, and sell the property.
- Fixed loan amount, which allows for better budgeting and planning.
- Repayment in installments over a specified period of time provides clarity to the borrower.
- Higher interest rates compared to other types of loans.
- Limited flexibility in withdrawing additional funds.
- Lengthy legal process in case of default, as the lender needs to go through the foreclosure process to sell the property.
Pros and Cons of Equitable Mortgage
Similarly, there are pros and cons associated with an equitable mortgage:
- Flexibility in withdrawing loan amount as needed, providing greater liquidity to the borrower.
- Lower interest rates compared to other types of loans.
- No need to go through the foreclosure process in case of default, as the lender already has legal ownership of the property.
- Borrower loses ownership of the property until the loan is fully repaid.
- Lack of clarity on the total loan amount, as the borrower can withdraw funds as needed.
- Borrower may face challenges in using, transferring, or selling the property as the lender holds legal ownership.
Mortgage loanin hindi, known as “ऋण” or “गिरवी ऋण” in Hindi, refers to a type of loan provided by a financial institution, such as a bank or a financial company, in which the borrower pledges their property, typically a house or land, as collateral. The lender provides a specific amount of money to the borrower, which is typically repaid in regular installments over a specified period of time, along with interest. In case the borrower fails to repay the loan as per the agreed terms, the lender has the right to sell the property to recover the outstanding debt. Mortgage loans are commonly used by individuals to purchase a home or real estate property, and they are a popular form of long-term financing in India.
In conclusion, simple mortgage and equitable mortgage are two different types of mortgages with their own set of features, advantages, and disadvantages. While a simple mortgage allows the borrower to retain ownership of the property and provides clarity on the loan amount and repayment schedule, an equitable mortgage offers greater flexibility in withdrawing funds but requires the borrower to transfer legal ownership of the property to the lender. It’s important for borrowers to carefully consider their financial needs, risk tolerance, and long-term goals