Porcelain ceramics are made from kaolin, a white clay and feldspar that melts at very high temperatures and cements into glass, binding the ceramics together. Porcelain is characterized by a hard, white, translucent material. Originally developed in hemp form during the Tang Dynasty (618-906 BC), the technique was refined during the Yuan Dynasty by producing cobalt materials in blue-black and white. Some period\ includes other colors. Ceramics was brought to Europe by Marco Polo in the late 13th century. The Grand Duke of Florence, Francesco de’ Medici, was so impressed with this clay that he commissioned artisans at his court to experiment with various mixtures of clay and enamel, kilns, and styles, producing thousands of ceramic bowls. Porcelain cutlery began in Europe in 1710 in Meissen, Germany.
To recreate porcelain, you will need kaolin clay, WD-40, modeling tools, water,
Glass and an oven. You will also need a drop or dome shape. The difference is that dome shapes have flat surfaces, while hump shapes have stems. You can find them in art supply stores in a variety of shapes and sizes. To start, mix kaolin clay with water according to package directions. You can use a flooring roller or roller to break up the clay, but a plate roller makes the surface smoother. Roll out the dough to about 1/4 inch thick. Grease the top of the roll or mold and place the dough on top of the dough. Cut small holes in the top .edge of the pan with a chisel and fill in. Smooth the surface with a file and fine sand, and finish the smoothing process with a dry sponge.
Bake the cookie pieces at 980 degrees.
This low-temperature firing is fundamental to the properties of porcelain and prepares a rough or loose surface for glazing. The baked biscuit pieces should be immediately poured into the pegmatite and quartz glaze, which should be mixed immediately before use. Handle the plate properly, and it takes some skill to make this coating look clean, compact, and uniform. Allow the piece to dry completely for at least 48 hours. The devices lightly touch the surface to remove skin, spots, uneven areas and other irregularities. To get the characteristic porcelain slabs tile finish, the piece must be fired again at 1380 degrees Celsius.
You can create professional-looking pottery at home using your own shapes and forms.
Modern equipment, such as flat rollers and electric furnaces, enable innovations that rival those begun by Francesco de’ Medici. Contact AMACO today for ceramic supplies.