If you are studying a high-rise building course, you probably have an idea about the complexity behind these beautiful constructions. Building a high-rise building is one of the toughest jobs an engineer can do. High-rise buildings are designed to withstand the forces of gravity due to the height they stand. The building becomes a type of structure known as a tower or a high-rise building. Every high-rise building is built differently, but they all use certain types of structural systems. In this article, we’ll break down different types of high-rise building structural systems and their distinct properties
1. Braced frame structural system
This is the most common type of high-rise building, and it’s where the building columns rest on the ground. A series of braces connect the top floor to a central column, and then that central column connects to the second set of columns, which supports each floor above. The stability of this type of structure comes from its ability to resist loads from wind and earthquakes by using the weight of the floors above as resistance. This is why they’re often used in buildings with multiple stories.
2. Rigid frame structural system
In this type of design, each floor is supported by steel beams or trusses that are anchored into bedrock or other strong foundations such as reinforced concrete walls or steel columns. This makes it much more resistant to earthquakes than braced frames because there’s no chance for them to collapse under their weight during an earthquake. However, it’s not as strong against wind forces because it doesn’t provide anywhere near as much resistance against being pushed over by these forces (in fact, these types of structures tend to be more vulnerable to winds).
3. Wall-frame system (dual system)
The wall-frame system is the most common high-rise building structural system used in commercial buildings and apartments. It consists of two major components: a wall and a floor. The wall is made up of several vertical columns, which are connected by beams or trusses. The floor is made up of several horizontal beams which connect the columns at intersections called nodes.
4. Shear wall system
The shear wall system consists of two major components: a shear wall panel and a tie beam or transverse framing member connecting the panels at nodes. The shear wall panel consists of two or more layers of plywood that are connected at their edges with screws, nails, or glue. These layers are then laminated together using cross-lams to create a rigid structure that can carry large forces without buckling or flexing.
5. Flat plate and flat slab structural system
The flat plate and flat slab structural system is one of the most common types of high-rise building systems. It’s also known as a parallel flat plate system, which means that there are multiple layers of metal pressed together at right angles to one another. The walls are usually made out of steel, but they can be made out of other materials, including concrete, wood, or even plastic. The wall thicknesses will vary depending on the materials used to construct them; however, it’s important to note that thicker walls mean a stronger structure.
6. Coupled wall system
In this type of design, two separate walls are built from prefabricated panels that are joined together at their base using steel girders and columns that run from floor to ceiling. This type of construction allows for greater strength than tube structures because it does not rely on a single columnar support structure in each story as a tube does; instead, it relies on three or four columns per story as well as diagonal bracing members running between adjacent stories at right angles to each other
This is perhaps the first structural system that any reliable high-rise building course introduces to its students. This is because the structural tube system is one of the most common and simplest types of high-rise building structure. In this system, tubes are used as the main structural element and are connected using beams or members. The tubes are usually made from concrete with steel reinforcement in them. This system is very easy to construct, and it has been used in many different types of buildings like office buildings, factories, and even houses. The main advantage of this type of construction is that it is very cost-effective and can also be used for both residential and commercial purposes. It also provides good fire resistance properties because it does not allow any flames to spread inside the building easily.