National Pension Scheme (NPS): What Is It, And How Can You Sign Up?

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The National Pension System is voluntary for employees with certain establishments. It’s a defined contribution pension system, similar to the one in PPF. In the National Pensions System, all funds are tax-free on maturity and there are no taxes on withdrawals.

Need help choosing which investment option is right for you? The National Pension System and Fixed Deposit can both be a great choice.

If you’re investing in the National Pension Scheme and Fixed Deposits, it’s important to be aware of the benefits of both and to make an informed decision about which one is better for your needs. The National Pension Scheme typically sees more use from working professionals who want to save for retirement.

Who should invest in the NPS?

Retirement is a big deal, and it can be difficult to think about how you’ll keep yourself entertained. The trick is to invest systematically. Making these investments can come with other perks, like an annual interest from 4 percent up to 8 percent depending on the type of deposit. If you’re salaried and want more deductions for 80C, then consider this plan.

Features & Benefits of NPS

  • Returns/Interest

With the NPS, you get to choose how much of your contribution to save as cash, and how much to invest in equities. Though there is no guaranteed return with equity investments, this choice offers a greater return than the PPF or other traditional tax-saving investments like the ELSS.

NPS, or National Pension System, has been in place for over a decade with 9-12% annualized returns. In NPS, you have the option of switching from one fund manager to another if you are not satisfied with the performance.

  • Risk Assessment

Currently, there is a cap in the range of 75% to 50% on equity exposure for NPS. For government employees, this cap is 50%. In the range prescribed, the equity portion will reduce by 2.5% each year beginning in the year in which the investor turns 50.

For investors who are older than 60 years old, however, the cap is fixed at 50%. This means that investors can be assured that their capital will not be too risky while they still receive a good return. The earning potential with NPS is higher as compared to other fixed income schemes because investment risk and return trade off against each other.

  • Withdrawal Rules After 60

Retirement is an exciting endeavor, but changes in the law mean you can’t withdraw the entire corpus of your NPS. You are required to keep at least 40% of your pension funds for regular income from a PFRDA-registered insurance firm.

In the latest update, the government announced that 60% of your contribution to the NPS will be free from tax.

  • Early withdrawal and exit rules

As a pension scheme, it’s vitally important that you continue investing until the age of 60. However, if you have been investing for at least three years, you will be able to withdraw up to 25% of your balance for certain reasons. These reasons include children’s weddings or higher studies, building/buying a house or medical treatment of self/family, among others. You can make a withdrawal three times (with a gap of 5 years) in the entire tenure subject to your account being in tier I. Please scroll down for more details on tier II accounts.


The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is a long-term savings scheme offered by the Government of India. It was introduced in 2004 and provides Indian citizens with an opportunity to save for their retirement. The NPS offers several benefits, such as tax breaks and a wide range of investment options, making it an attractive option for those looking to secure their financial future.

Ashish jha

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