Thyroid Disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatment


Approximately 10 million Americans are diagnosed with hypothyroidism each year, and that number is projected to grow as the world ages. What is hypothyroidism? And why is it becoming more common. Visit and you will get all the answers. In this blog post we will discuss the different causes of hypothyroidism, the symptoms of the condition, and the various treatments available. Stay informed today so you can take appropriate steps to prevent or treat this condition.

What is thyroid disease?

Thyroid disease is a condition that affects the glandular system that produces thyroid hormones. It’s one of the most common endocrine diseases, affecting more than 1 in every 100 people in the United States. Thyroid disease can be mild or severe, and can cause a wide range of symptoms.

The thyroid gland is located near the base of your neck and secretes hormones that control your body’s energy levels and metabolism. The thyroid gland gets its energy from two sources: carbohydrates and protein. When the thyroid gland doesn’t work properly, it can’t produce enough hormones, which can cause problems with your body’s metabolism and weight gain.

There are several types of thyroid disease, including primary (natural) thyrotoxicosis, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Graves’ disease, and adrenal insufficiency syndromes due to hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid). Primary thyrotoxicosis is the most common type of thyroid disease and is caused by an overproduction of free radicals in the body. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation of the thyroid gland. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid). Adrenal insufficiency syndromes due to hypothyroidism are caused by a lack of cortisol production due to dysfunction in one or more glands involved in cortisol production.

The Different Types of Thyroid Disease

The thyroid gland is a small, butterfly-shaped organ located in the front of the neck just below the Adam’s apple. It makes hormones that help control body temperature, growth and metabolism. Problems with the thyroid can cause problems such as fatigue, weight gain and irregular menstrual cycles.

There are two types of thyroid disease: Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system attacks the thyroid gland. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system attacks your own thyroids antibodies.

Both Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can be cured with treatment. In some cases, however, symptoms may persist even after treatment has been completed. This is called post-treatment residual illness (PTRI). PTRI affects around 10 percent of people who receive treatment for their thyroid condition and can require ongoing care.

Causes of thyroid disease

There are many causes of thyroid disease, including genetic and environmental factors. Some people with thyroid disease don’t have any symptoms, while others experience symptoms such as weight gain, fatigue, and trouble sleeping. In some cases, thyroid disease can be treated with medication or surgery. However, in many cases the cause of the disease is not known and there is no cure. Some people with thyroid disease may need to take care of their health for the rest of their lives because some forms of thyroid cancer can be very difficult to treat.

The Treatment of Thyroid Disease

Thyroid disease is a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. This can cause problems with your energy levels, weight, and mood. In some cases, thyroid disease can be cured with treatment. However, most people who have thyroid disease will need to take medication for the rest of their lives. There are a few ways to diagnose thyroid disease: by checking your blood levels of thyroid hormones, by taking a Thyroid Disease Questionnaire (TDQ), or by having an ultrasound exam. If you think you might have thyroid disease, talk to your doctor about testing. There’s no one test that’s always accurate for diagnosing thyroid disease, but each type of test has its own benefits and limitations.

If you have symptoms like feeling tired all the time, being overweight even though you’re trying to lose weight, or Difficulty concentrating or getting things done at work or school, it’s important to get checked out for thyroid disease. Talk to your doctor about how best to test for thyroid disease and what tests are available in your area.

There are many treatments available for people who have confirmed diagnosis of thyrotoxicosis [1]. The goals of treatment are usually to correct the abnormalities causing symptoms (imbalance between thyroid hormones) and improve overall health. Many people require lifelong therapy with oral medications (typically levothyroxine sodium [l-T4]) although there is significant variation in response among individuals due to genetic factors as well as other lifestyle

How to know if you have thyroid disease

There is no one definitive test to determine if someone has thyroid disease, as the diagnosis is based on a combination of symptoms and a review of medical history. However, many people with thyroid disease experience various symptoms that can be indicative of the condition, such as fatigue, weight gain, trouble losing weight or maintaining your current weight, difficulty concentrating or sleeping, anxiety, depression, and more. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms and they are not explained by another condition or medication you are taking, it may be worth considering getting checked out for thyroid disease.

If you do have thyroid disease, there is a good chance that it can be cured with treatment. Treatment options vary depending on the type of thyroid disease you have and include medications and/or surgery. If treatment isn’t successful after trying different options, then surgical removal of the thyroid gland may be necessary. Regardless of the treatment plan chosen, it is important to consult with a doctor who will help guide you through the process and make sure that you are receiving the best possible care for your condition.


After reading this article, you will hopefully have a better understanding of what thyroid disease is and the various treatments that are available. Though there is no cure for thyroid disease, today’s medical advancements provide many people living with the condition with improved quality of life. If you’re wondering if your thyroid is causing any problems and if treatment might be possible, I encourage you to read further into this topic. As always, please consult with your physician before starting any new treatment regimen.

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