The full form of UPHC is Urban Primary Health. The globe today is experiencing rapid growth and development. Nearly all social development indicators function well in the context of this growth and development. Everyone has access to education, for instance, making the globe a more educated place. Health is one of the most crucial facets or indices of societal progress, just as education is. The saying “Health is wealth” is well-known since maintaining good health is among the most crucial factors in achieving anything and doing well in other areas of life.
The full form of UPHC is Urban Primary Health
Focusing on the effective supply of improved health facilities is crucial given the world’s fast expansion and development. A physically fit and healthy individual performs well in their line of work and benefits society as a whole. For every country to flourish and prosper, better health care facilities and their effective delivery are essential. Better healthcare facilities should be made available to everybody without distinction. And this government included a number of buildings and initiatives. Urban Primary Health Care (UPHC), one of the efficient methods for providing improved health services, is covered in this article.
What is the UPHC?
|Urban Primary Health Center
|Provide primary healthcare services to urban populations
|Urban areas or cities
|Basic healthcare, preventive care, immunizations, family planning, antenatal care, postnatal care, child healthcare, health education, etc.
|Doctors, nurses, medical assistants, pharmacists, lab technicians, and support staff
|Facilities and Equipment
|Consultation rooms, examination rooms, pharmacy, laboratory, immunization room, medical equipment, ambulances (if available), etc.
|Health camps, awareness programs, health education sessions, partnerships with local organizations
|Typically funded by government bodies or municipal corporations
|Urban residents, including low-income communities, slums, and underserved populations
|Collaboration with other healthcare facilities, NGOs, and community-based organizations
|Electronic health records (EHRs), reporting systems, and data analysis for effective healthcare delivery
|Regular monitoring, evaluation, and quality improvement initiatives
|Coordination with higher-level healthcare facilities for specialized care and referrals
|Typically operates during regular working hours, with some centers providing extended hours or 24/7 services
|Phone number, address, website (if available)
Primary healthcare and a better system of health delivery are not new ideas in India; they have their origins there. Primary healthcare, the cornerstone of the Indian health system, is discussed in a number of ancient Indian scriptures. However, it may be traced back to the 1946 Bhore Committee report, which established India’s basic healthcare system. It was regarded as the fundamental component that offers the rural people with fundamental healthcare services.
Primary healthcare is accessible to the public and offers both curative and preventative medical services. The availability of different primary health care options in metropolitan areas varies from state to state and location to location, but it is only available in rural regions. Urban health and family welfare facilities, urban health posts, urban health centers, etc. all provide primary healthcare in urban settings. However, since it only serves a small portion of the population, this system is special and has little influence.
The National Urban Health Mission has turned the attention to the urban population’s requirements in terms of health. NUHM helps to comprehensively meet the health requirements of the urban population. Urban primary healthcare institutions serve as the hub for the delivery of healthcare services covered by the National Health Mission, much as rural primary healthcare facilities do. The fundamental idea of UPHC is the same, but it has been adapted to accommodate the requirements and health issues that the urban population faces.
The full form of UPHC is Urban Primary Health
Urban regions now face a number of new issues as a result of the world’s fast industrialization, including increased congestion compared to prior eras, the growth of slums, a lack of cleanliness, inadequate water supply, inefficient rubbish disposal, etc. And all of these issues that metropolitan regions encounter have helped to foster the spread of infectious illnesses and a host of other health issues. And urban primary health care plays a crucial role in resolving this health issue.
Urban primary health care facilities assist in delivering superior medical treatments that are advantageous to a person who is ill with infections. Urban Primary Health Care offers economical, conveniently accessible healthcare with just a little outlay in costs. It is regarded as the first line of defense against any illnesses that may spread to other people and cause a pandemic. The necessity for effective Urban Primary Health Care facilities and their correct operation is highly crucial in today’s world of fast expansion and development as it is very beneficial in establishing a healthy society.
Features of Urban Primary Health Care
- Population Coverage: Urban Primary Health Care’s coverage ranges from 50,000 to 75,000 with sparse and highly dense slum populations, respectively. This coverage varies depending on the population distribution. It also provides for the 25,000–30,000 residents of the slums. With this demographic coverage, it aims to meet the urban population’s health requirements by offering easily accessible and reasonably priced medical services.
- Time: Because Urban Primary Health Care centers provide health services around-the-clock, the time of their operations is crucial. metropolitan Primary Health Care must provide convenient and accessible hours for the working population in metropolitan areas. States may choose appropriate schedules by keeping the working hours in mind while formulating policies. For the population in need of health services, the availability of primary care in urban areas for 8 hours is quite handy. Thus, urban primary health care clinics are open from midday to 8 p.m. in every state by keeping in mind all the stakeholder points and the community that uses the health services. Additionally, any state that desires multiple shifts must hire more personnel who can cover the other shift’s health needs. If there are a lot of cases in a state, it might be a criterion for allocating more people to offer health services.
- Location: Any healthcare provider’s location is crucial since it affects their ability to deliver services that might potentially save patients’ lives. In order to enable easy access to the urban regions’ most vulnerable residents, health institutions offering services under the umbrella of urban primary health care facilities must be situated either inside or not more than half a kilometer from urban neighborhoods.
- Staff: In different states, urban primary health care facilities have different staffs. However, the following is a recommended pattern for urban primary care:
Second MO (part-time), MO I/C-11 LHV, 1 Nurse, 1 Lab Technician, 1 Pharmacist, 1 ATM3-5 Public Health Managers, Mobilization Officers, 3 Support Personnel, and 1 M & E Unit
Services commonly provided by Urban Primary Health Centers (UPHC):
- General Medical Consultation
- Preventive Care
- Family Planning Services
- Maternal and Child Healthcare
- Health Education
- Laboratory Services
- Pharmacy Services
- Referral Services
- Chronic Disease Management
- First Aid and Emergency Care
- Health Camps
- Mental Health Support
- Geriatric Care
- Community-based Programs
Healthcare Professional of UPHC
|Medical professionals who diagnose and treat illnesses, provide medical advice, and prescribe medication.
|Trained healthcare professionals who provide patient care, administer medications, and assist in treatments.
|Assist healthcare professionals in clinical and administrative tasks, such as taking vital signs and patient history.
|Licensed professionals who dispense medications, provide guidance on drug usage, and offer medication counseling.
|Specialists who perform various medical tests and analyze samples in the laboratory.
|Administrative personnel, receptionists, cleaners, and other individuals who assist in the smooth functioning of the UPHC.
Urban Primary Healthcare Facility
The National Urban Health Mission seeks to create Urban Primary Healthcare Centers as a nexus of preventive, promotive, and basic curative healthcare for its catchment population in order to offer complete primary healthcare services, not as a standalone health institution.
The UPHC is tasked with meeting the community’s requirements for basic medical care and public health within its catchment region. Preferably, the U-PHC is situated nearer to slums or other comparable dwellings.
The UPHC services may be easily accessible to the urban working population by setting the operating hours accordingly. States may choose any convenient time that offers 8 hours of services and is acceptable to the community. It is suggested that the UPHC operate preferable from 12 p.m. to 8 p.m. or in dual shifts (i.e., 8 a.m. to 12 p.m. and 4 p.m. to 8 p.m.); dual shift scheduling of the UPHC might be flexible and adapted in accordance with the catchment communities.
The full form of UPHC is Urban Primary Health
The UPHC’s proposed package of services includes preventative, promotional, curative, rehabilitative, and palliative care. State primary health care facilities are being upgraded to become Health and Wellness Centers (HWCs) in order to improve Comprehensive Primary Health Care across the nation via “Ayushman Bharat-HWCs”.
Community health centers in urban areas (U-CHCs)
For every 4-5 U-PHCs, there is an Urban Community Health Center (U-CHC) built up as a referral institution. A population of between 250000 and 5 lakhs is served by the U-CHC. For metro areas, UCHCs with 100 beds may be built for every 5 lakh inhabitants. It offers institutional delivery facilities, inpatient treatments, medical care, and surgical facilities in addition to basic healthcare facilities. The institution has 30 to 50 beds.
Urban – Centers for Health and Wellness
Existing U-PHCs would be changed to Health and Wellness Centers (HWC) in order to guarantee the delivery of Comprehensive Primary Health Care (CPHC) services. The premise should be a continuous continuum of treatment that assures fairness, quality, universality, and minimal financial hardship. programs might also be delivered or supplemented via outreach programs, Mobile Medical Units, health camps, home visits, and community-based contact.