# Top 10 Indian Mathematicians

Some of the finest grain in history has come from India. India is extremely proud of its world-renowned and gifted mathematicians. In every field, including literature, science, art, and theatre, India has been a pioneer. The study of mathematics is still extremely important all throughout the world. There are two searches of individuals when it comes to maths.

First, those were absolutely amazing artists, and second, those who find it to be nothing short of a nightmare. But when we look at what we do on a daily basis, maths play a significant role. Maths is utilized everywhere, from splitting a cake into equal pieces to weighing individuals or calculating their height. Indian civilization has been significantly shaped by match for a very long time.

## Aryabhata

Aryabhata was an Indian Mathematician and astronomer who worked during the heyday of traditional Indian maths and Astronomy. The numerals were represented by consonant-vowel monosyllables in Aryabhata’s phonemic method of number rotation. Later commentators like Brhmagupta (“spherical Astronomy”) separated his work into the Ganita (Mathematics), Kalakriya (Calculations on Time), and Golapada sections.

Finding the square and cube roots, geometrical figures and their characteristics, arithmetic progression issues on the shadow of the gnomon, quadratic equations, linear equations, and indeterminate questions are some of the topics covered in his work on pure mathematics. Before Lambert proved that pi is an irrational number, some 1300 years ago, Aryabhata determined pi is value to the fourth decimal place. He is one of the top mathematicians in India.

## Brahmagupta

An astronomer and mathematician from India, Brahmagupta. The first person to provide guidelines for computing with zero was Brahmagupta. The works Brahmagupta wrote were written in elliptic poetry in Sanskrit, which was customary in Indian mathematics. It is unknown how Brahmagupta’s findings were arrived at because no justifications are provided.

Brahmagupta utilized a Sanskrit phrase to explain gravity as an attracting force for the first time in 628 CE. The techniques Brahmagupta used to determine the positions of celestial bodies over time (ephemerides0, their rising and setting, and conjunctions are only a few of the significant contributions he made to astronomy.

## Srinivas Ramanujan

Indian-born Srinivasa Ramanujan is a mathematician. He made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continuing fractions despite having essentially little formal instructions in pure mathematics.

These contributions offered answers to issues that had previously been viewed as insurmountable. In the beginning, Ramanujan carried out his own independent mathematical studies.

In his brief life, Ramanujan independently accumulated close to 3900 findings, mainly identities and equations. The Ramanujan prime, the Ramanujan theta function, and Mock Theta function are only a few instances of his fully unique findings that have on led to the creation of brand-new fields of study and sparked an enormous amount of subsequent research. He is one of the top mathematicians in India.

## P.C. Mahalanobis

Indian Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is a scientist and statistician. People most frequently connect with him with his statistical measure, the Mahalanobis distance, and his service on India’s first planning commission after Independence. In India, he carried out groundbreaking anthropometry studies.

He created the Indian Statistical Institute and made contributions to the development of extensive sample service. Due to his contribution, Mahalanobis is regarded as the father of modern statistics in India. His most important contribution relates to that sample service. He created the concept of pilot studies and advocated for the advantages of sampling methods.

## C.R. Rao

Mathematician and Statistician C.R. Rao, commonly known as Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao FRS, is Indian-American. He is presently a professor emeritus at Pennsylvania State University and a research professor at the University at Buffalo. In 2002, Rao won the US National Medal of Science in addition to other honorary degrees, festschrifts, and colloquia.

He is a living legend, in the words of the American Statistical Association, whose work has had profound effects on not only statistics but also economics, genetics, anthropology, geology, national planning, demography, biometric and medicine. He is one of the top mathematicians in India.

## D.R. Kaprekar

The Kaprekar constant, which bears his name, was founded by Indian amateur mathematician Dattatreya Ramchandra Kaprekar. He also identified various classes of natural numbers, including the Kaprekar, Harshad, and sales numbers. He had a teaching career and no official postgraduate in education, yet he wrote a note and became well-known in the field of recreational mathematics.

Numerous conclusions in the number theory were octane by Kaprekar, who also substantially characterized the different characteristics of numbers. In addition to the Kaprekar constant and Kaprekar numbers that carry his name, he also discussed sales numbers, Harshad numbers, and demo numbers. In addition, he developed a number of unique magic square variations, too.

## Harish Chandra

The representation theory has benefited greatly from the work of Indian American mathematician and physicist Harish Chandra, notably his harmonic analysis of semi-simple lie groups. Belong to the National Academy of Sciences and was a fellow of the Royal Society. He received a Cole prize from the American Mathematical Society in 1954.

He received the Srinivasa Ramanujan medal from the Indian National Science Academy in 1974. Yale University gave him an honorary degree in 1981. Every year, the mathematics department of VSSD College, Kanpur, honors him with a range of activities, including students to the Harishchandra Research Institute, talks by students and professors from various colleges and institutions, and more. He is one of the top mathematicians in India.

## Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose, a Bengali mathematician and Shrishta, specialized in theoretical physics. He became the most well-known for his early 1920s work on quantum mechanics, which served as the foundation for both statistics and the hypothesis of the Bose condense it. He was a fellow of the Royal Society and in 1954, the Indian government awarded him the Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian honor in India. To honour Bose, Paul Dirac give the statistical category of particles known as bosons, name.

He was a polymath with an interest in a variety of fields, including philosophy, the arts, literature, music, chemistry, biology, and mineralogy. He participated in many committees for research and development in independent India.

Bhāskara II, aka Bhāskara, Bhāskara, the teacher, was an Indian mathematician and astronomer who sought to set himself apart from Bhaskara I. Siddhanta Shiromani has passages that imply he was born in Vijjadavida in 1114 and resided in the Sahyadri mountain ranges of the Western Ghats, which academics believe to be Patan in Chalisgaon, which is today a part of the Khandesh district of Maharashtra.

Only one of the classical mathematicians received a monument in his honor. A temple in Maharashtra has an inscription that was supposedly authored by his grandson Changaveda. It includes a list of Bhaskaracharya’s ancestors for two generations before and after him.

## Narendra Karmarkar

Narendra Krishna Karmarkar is an Indian mathematician. The algorithm was designed by Karmarker. According to ISI, he is highly cited researcher. One of the early linear programming techniques with probably polynomial time was the interior point approach, which he invented. Equation is crucial to understanding linear programming.

In 1984, while still working at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey, he published hos well-known discovery. Karmarkar’s approach provides polynomial-time solutions to linear programming problems. Karmarkar’s creative technique addresses the answer by cutting the aforementioned solid in its traversal. Thus, the Karmarkar algorithm makes it possible to solve difficult optimisation issues considerably more quickly. Thanks to his system, business and policy choices may be made more swiftly.

### FAQ About Top 10 Indian Mathematicians in India-

#### 1. Who is the oldest famous mathematician in India?

Aryabhata worked during the heyday of traditional Indian maths and Astronomy. The numerals were represented by consonant-vowel monosyllables in Aryabhata’s phonemic method of number rotation. Later commentators like Brhmagupta (“spherical Astronomy”) separated his work into the Ganita (Mathematics), Kalakriya (Calculations on Time), and Golapada sections.

#### 2. What were two of Brahmagupta early works?

An astronomer and mathematician from India, Brahmagupta.The first person to provide guidelines for computing with zero was Brahmagupta. The works Brahmagupta wrote were written in elliptic poetry in Sanskrit, which was customary in Indian mathematics. It is unknown how Brahmagupta’s findings were arrived at because no justifications are provided.

#### 3. What was the contribution of Srinivas Ramanujan as Mathematician?

Indian-born Srinivasa Ramanujan is a mathematician. He made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continuing fractions despite having essentially little formal instructions in pure mathematics. These contributions offered answers to issues that had previously been viewed as insurmountable. In the beginning, Ramanujan carried out his own independent mathematical studies.

#### 4. Who provided service to the first planning commission in India?

Indian Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is a scientist and statistician. People most frequently connect with him with his statistical measure, the Mahalanobis distance, and his service on India’s first planning commission after Independence. In India, he carried out groundbreaking anthropometry studies.

#### 5. What was special about Mathematician C.R. Rao?

Mathematician and Statistician C.R. Rao, commonly known as Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao FRS, is Indian-American. He is presently a professor emeritus at Pennsylvania State University and a research professor at the University at Buffalo. In 2002, Rao won the US National Medal of Science in addition to other honorary degrees, festschrifts, and colloquia.

#### 6. Who introduced Kaprekar Constant?

The Kaprekar constant, which bears his name, was founded by Indian amateur mathematician Dattatreya Ramchandra Kaprekar. He also identified various classes of natural numbers, including the Kaprekar, Harshad, and sales numbers. He had a teaching career and no official postgraduate in education, yet he wrote a note and became well-known in the field of recreational mathematics.

#### 7. Which medal was received by Harish Chandra for his work?

The representation theory has benefited greatly from the work of Indian American mathematician and physicist Harish Chandra, notably his harmonic analysis of semi-simple lie groups. He belonged to the National Academy of Sciences and was a fellow of the Royal Society. He received a Cole prize from the American Mathematical Society in 1954. He received the Srinivasa Ramanujan medal from the Indian National Science Academy in 1974. Yale University gave him an honorary degree in 1981.

### Conclusion

While some of you might find mathematics difficult, others could like toying with numbers. Nevertheless, arithmetic is an important part of our daily lives, whether you like it or not. But as you are aware, there are many Indian mathematicians who have won accolades from all over the world. Do you know any names of Indian mathematicians? If you can’t, this piece will make you remember the great Indian mathematicians forever. While some of you might find mathematics difficult, others could like toying with numbers. Nevertheless, arithmetic is an important part of our daily lives, whether you like it or not. But as you are aware, there are many Indian mathematicians who have won accolades from all over the world.