All About BPSC BAO Exam: A Comprehensive Guide

 All About BPSC BAO Exam: A Comprehensive Guide
 All About BPSC BAO Exam: A Comprehensive Guide

Now, you have set your aim to work as an agriculture officer. Ok then, you must plan to qualify for the BIHAR PUBLIC STATE COMMISSION(BPSC) AGRICULTURE OFFICER exam, and it will be the gateway to your dream career.  This blog will equip you with all the essential information you need to confidently navigate the BAO. Here we are talking about  All About BPSC BAO Exam: A Comprehensive Guide.

Image source: Pinterest

Let’s dive in  All About BPSC BAO Exam: A Comprehensive Guide:

Eligibility Criteria

  • Educational Qualification: A bachelor’s degree in agriculture or a related field from a recognized university.
  • Age Limit: 21–35 years (relaxations apply for reserved categories).
  • Nationality: You must be an Indian citizen.
  • Domicile: You must be a permanent resident of Bihar.

Exam Pattern: Demystifying the Test

  1. Written Exam: This objective-type test comprises three papers
    • General Hindi (100 marks)
    • General Knowledge (100 marks)
    • Agriculture-related subjects (400 marks)
  2. Interview: 50 marks
  3. Document Verification.

Important Dates

  • Online Application Dates: January 15th, – January 28th, 2024
  • Written Exam (tentative): May–June 2024
  • Interview: Date to be announced after the written exam results

How to prepare for the BPSC BAO

  • Understand the syllabus and examination pattern.

It is essential to have a clear concept regarding “what to study?” & “How it will be asked?”

  • Create a study plan.

Once you have the perfect materials, you must create a study plan. This will assist you in remaining on track and making sure that you cover all of the crucial topics. Your study layout has to be realistic and achievable, and it is necessary to plan practical time for every analysis of a new topic and revise what you have already learned.

  • Self-Study or Coaching

The most common questions in students’ minds are how to prepare for the BAO exam and whether to take coaching. The best decision will be a combination of both. Now,  BAO  is not something you have included in your school curriculum. Therefore, coaching will guide your preparation by providing relevant study materials and tests. Then, you can solve exercises and review materials to study independently.

  • Work on fundamentals

Developing fundamental concepts should be prioritized before moving on to  BAO exam-level questions. So, focus on studying basic concepts and practice easy questions first. Then, gradually move on to higher-level questions.

  • Practice lots of questions.

After completing a topic, practice asking as many questions as possible. Move from lower to higher-difficulty questions. Reviewing the concepts a few times through practice can help you prepare for the BAO exam.

  • Analysis of test

A practice test is a simulation of the real test. So, as the exam approaches, taking practice tests regularly should be a part of your BAO preparation strategy. Additionally, it is equally important to analyze your simulations and identify your weaknesses.

  • Practice regularly

One of the best approaches to put together for the BAO examination is to practice answering questions regularly. You can do this by solving exercise papers and taking mock tests. Many special exercise papers and mock tests are available on the Internet and in books.

  • Stay motivated.

It is essential to be stable, active, and motivated throughout your preparation.

  • Focus on your weak areas.

As you start answering questions, you will perceive your weak areas. Once you know your weak areas, you can focus your research on these topics. You will additionally need to get additional exercise material for these topics.

  • Stay up-to-date on current affairs.

The BAO examination also asks for current affairs. Therefore, it is essential to be updated on modern events. You can use newspapers, observe information channels, and follow information websites and social media pages to be updated.

About the syllabus of the BPSC BAO exam:

General Knowledge

  • Current Affairs-> National and international news focusing on economic, political, social, and scientific developments.
  • Science & Technology->  Recent advancements in science and technology.
  • Environment-> Environmental issues, conservation efforts, and sustainable development practices.
  • General Awareness->  Art, culture, sports, literature, and other areas of general interest.
  • History-> Ancient, medieval, and modern Indian history, emphasizing Bihar. 
  • Geography-> Physical geography, Indian and world geography, and Bihar’s specific geography. 
  • Polity-> Indian Constitution, government structure, Panchayati Raj system, and current political scenario.
  • Economics-> Basic economic concepts, policies, budgets, and the current state of the Indian economy, focusing on agriculture.

General Hindi

  • Grammar and Usage-> Tenses, voice, parts of speech, sentence construction, vocabulary (synonyms, antonyms), idioms, and proverbs.
  • Comprehension-> Passages and answering questions based on their content.
  • Creative Writing->Essay writing, story writing, and letter writing.
  • Translation-> Hindi to English and vice versa.

Agriculture-related subjects

  • Plant Protection-> Entomology, plant pathology, nematology, weed science, and pesticide management.
  • Agriculture Science-> Agricultural extension, animal husbandry, dairying, poultry farming, fisheries, and rural development programs.
  • Agronomy-> Crop production, soil management, water management, weed control, fertilizers, and agricultural machinery.
  • Agricultural Engineering-> Farm power and machinery, irrigation engineering, post-harvest technology, renewable energy applications, and environmental control in agriculture.

Which books should I prefer for the BPSC BAO exam?

1. General Hindi:

  • Bihar Samagra Hindi (latest edition).
  • Samanya Hindi by Arihant Experts.
  • Objective Hindi by K. D. Singh.

2. General Knowledge:

  • Lucent’s General Knowledge.
  • Manorama Year Book.
  • Arihant’s General Knowledge for Competitive Exams.

3. Agriculture-related subjects:

  • NCERT Class 11 and 12 biology textbooks.
  • ICAR Handbook of Agriculture.
  • BPSC BAO Agriculture Solved Papers by Disha Experts.

Common mistakes to avoid in the BPSC BAO

  • Not analyzing the examination pattern, questions, and syllabus: It is important to have a clear concept regarding the study program and which topics to focus on. 
  • Not managing time effectively: Time management is essential in any competitive exam.
  • Not practicing regularly: One of the excellent methods to put together for the BAO examination is to practice answering questions regularly.
  • Making common mistakes: In any competitive exam, it is crucial to concentrate and keep away from making careless mistakes.

Not focusing on weak areas: As you practice answering questions, you will become aware of your weak areas.


Is there any scope for further studies or specialization after becoming a BAO?

Yes, you can pursue postgraduate programs in subjects like:-

  • Agronomy, 
  • Horticulture, 
  • Agricultural economics, 
  • Rural development. 

What is the salary and career- progression for a Block Agriculture Officer (BAO) in Bihar?

The starting salary for a BAO is approximately ₹56,900 per month, with opportunities for promotions and salary increases based on seniority and performance. 

Career progression can lead to roles like:-

  • Deputy Director of Agriculture, 
  • Joint Director, 
  • Director

Is there any physical fitness required for the BPSC BAO exam or job?

There is no specific physical fitness required in the BPSC BAO selection process.

What are the job opportunities for BAOs outside of government service?

  • Agricultural companies, 
  • NGOs, 
  • Research institutions, 
  • Private farms, 
  • Agricultural consultancies.

What are the age relaxation benefits for reserved categories in the BPSC BAO exam?

Relaxation varies from 3 to 5 years, depending on the category.


Qualifying in the BPSC BAO exam is your gateway to achieving your dream career in Bihar’s agriculture sector. This complete blog has equipped you with the information, resources, and techniques to navigate your preparation effectively. Remember, a thorough understanding of the syllabus, strategic study materials, regular practice, and unwavering self-belief are key factors in attaining your goals. Avoid common mistakes, embrace valuable tips, and believe in your abilities to ace the exam. As you embark on this path, devote yourself, prepare diligently, and step up to achieve your dream job in Bihar. Let’s start your journey today!

suraj verma

As a highly skilled and experienced content writer, I have a passion for creating engaging and informative content that connects with audiences and inspires them to take action. With over 1 year of experience in the industry, I have honed my writing skills to craft content that is both effective and SEO-friendly.

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Subscribe to receive the weekly Newsletters from our website. Don’t worry, we won’t spam you.