The Merchant Navy plays a vital role in India’s flourishing shipping industry, which has a rich maritime history. Seafaring has always been a highly respected profession in India, not only due to its adventurous nature but also because of the generous salaries it offers. Many young Indians are drawn to the Merchant Navy due to the allure of a high-paying job at sea, making it a popular career choice. However, the earning potential of seafarers in India is influenced by various factors, including their experience, rank, and the type of vessel they work on.
In this article, we will closely examine the salaries of seafarers in the Indian Merchant Navy, analyzing the different factors that impact their earning potential. We will also explore the various career paths available and the corresponding pay scales while also taking into account the challenges and rewards that come with the job. So, join us as we set sail on a journey of discovery through the profitable realm of Merchant Navy salaries in India.
Qualifying for Merchant Navy: Entrance Exam and Eligibility Requirements
The Merchant Navy presents an excellent career choice for young individuals who desire to earn a substantial income while traveling the world’s oceans for months. It is a fleet of merchant vessels that transport heavy goods from one nation to another. Aspiring candidates can join this field through various courses and pursue the best career option available.
One can join the Merchant Navy at any level, starting from after Class 10 up to graduation. There are several courses that candidates can undertake to realize their dream of joining the Merchant Navy.
Admission Process for Candidates to Join the Merchant Navy
Joining the Merchant Navy can be a wise career decision, but it requires passing specific entrance exams to gain admission into reputed Merchant Navy colleges. The most prominent courses and exams in India for pursuing a career in the Merchant Navy include IMU CET, which stands for Indian Maritime University Central Eligibility Test, covering topics such as maritime law, history, and other maritime-related topics.
Additionally, the Marine Engineering Research Institute (MERI) conducts entrance exams to offer training for Marine Engineers. Another option is to clear JEE Advanced to get into the Indian Institute of Technology. Tolani Maritime Institute (TMI) also conducts its own exam, known as TMI SAT, for admission to its maritime college in Indore, Pune, and Maharashtra, which is approved by the Directorate General of Shipping. Candidates can also consider a sponsorship program available for popular maritime courses in well-known institutes.
Moreover, a provision for lateral entry is available, which enables admission to the second year of Maritime Engineering, subject to certain conditions such as completion of the first year of engineering with mechanical and electrical subjects and possessing a mechanical, electrical, marine, or ship-building engineering diploma.
A Summary of Salaries in the Merchant Navy
The pay scale of a merchant navy officer is subject to variation based on their job duties. Their typical responsibilities include traveling around the world, managing cargo, steering ships, repairing and cleaning vessels, experiencing different cultures, and more.
The merchant navy is a non-combatant sector that handles the transportation of people or goods, and it includes various types of vessels such as passenger ships, cargo carriers, oil tankers, gas tankers, and others. As a merchant navy officer, you are responsible for ensuring the safe transportation of passengers and/or cargo on the ships under your command.
You can start your career as a Fifth Engineer and work your way up to the position of Chief Engineer or start as a Deck Officer and advance from Fourth Officer to Captain. It is an exciting opportunity for those who enjoy travelling, but there are pros and cons to everything. One of the drawbacks is that they have to sacrifice time away from their families. Typically, they work for 6-7 months before receiving a continuous vacation time of 4-5 months.
Merchant Navy Salaries in India Based on Ranks
The Merchant Navy job positions are classified based on rank, which affects the corresponding salaries. Below are some of the ranks and their associated salaries –
Merchant Navy Captain Salary
To become a Captain in the Merchant Navy, you need to clear the IMU-CET entrance exam and complete pre-sea training. Initially, they would be appointed as a deck officer and later promoted to Captain after gaining years of experience and undergoing further training.
A Captain is responsible for managing the entire ship, overseeing daily operations, and addressing any maritime issues. The salary of a Merchant Navy Captain varies and can range from ₹8, 60,000 to ₹20, 00,000 per month.
Chief Officer and Merchant Navy Officer Salary
The Chief Officer is accountable for the protection of the cargo and manages loading, storage, and other necessary responsibilities related to cargo management. To become a Chief Officer, you must hold a 1st Mate Certificate of Competency and have completed Class 12th with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics from a recognized board with a minimum of 60% marks.
The monthly salary of a Merchant Navy officer serving as a Chief Officer ranges from ₹4,00,000 to ₹6,00,000.
Deck Cadet or Deck Merchant Navy Officer Salary
A Deck Cadet, also known as a Deck Officer, is in charge of inspecting and ensuring the correct placement of all lifesaving equipment on the ship, as well as repairing and operating the vessel, among other operational responsibilities. To become a Deck Cadet, you must have a pre-sea nautical diploma and pass Class 12 with a minimum of 60% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
The monthly salary for a Deck Cadet typically ranges from ₹25,000 to ₹85,000.
A trainee cadet is responsible for navigation and other duties related to the maintenance of the ship. They learn navigation skills from a Chief Officer and also work on deck maintenance, groundwork, and the maintenance of life-saving equipment. To become a trainee cadet, one must pass class 12th with a pre-sea nautical diploma and secure a minimum of 65% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
Trainee cadets are one of the high-ranking positions in the Merchant Navy and are well-paid. The salary of a trainee cadet ranges from ₹25,000 to ₹85,000 per month in India.
Engineers play a crucial role in the Merchant Navy as they are responsible for ensuring the proper functioning and maintenance of the ship’s engines and equipment. They are tasked with identifying and troubleshooting any issues related to the engines. To become an engineer in the Merchant Navy, you must have completed class 12th with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and English and obtained a minimum of 50% marks.
Engineers in the Merchant Navy are compensated well, with an annual salary of approximately ₹50 lahks.
The crew members in charge of hospitality and catering duties onboard the ship are responsible for managing the catering department, preparing food for the crew and passengers, and ensuring that guests are well taken care of. To qualify for a position in the Merchant Navy’s hospitality and catering crew, you must pass 12th grade with at least 40% marks in English.
In India, the salary for hospitality crew members in the Merchant Navy is approximately ₹24 lakh per year.
Factors Affecting Merchant Navy Salaries in India
The remuneration of Merchant Navy professionals in India is influenced by various factors. Some of the main aspects are:
Rank and Experience: The salaries of Merchant Navy officers are based on their rank and experience. Officers with higher ranks and more experience generally earn higher salaries.
Vessel Type: The kind of vessel an officer is serving on can also affect their salary. For instance, officers working on larger vessels such as passenger ships or oil tankers may earn more than those on smaller cargo ships.
Employer: The employer of an officer can also influence their salary. Different companies may offer varying salaries and benefits packages.
Location: The geographic location of the vessel can also impact the salary of Merchant Navy officers. Officers serving on ships that operate in isolated or risky areas may earn more due to the dangers involved.
Nationality: The nationality of the officer can also affect their salary. Indian officers may earn lower salaries than officers from other countries, such as the United States or the United Kingdom.
Market Demand: The demand for Merchant Navy professionals can also affect salaries. If there is a scarcity of officers in a specific rank or category, salaries may increase due to the heightened demand.
The Merchant Navy is a unique and exciting career option for those interested in marine jobs, despite its challenges like long hours and isolation. It offers benefits such as high salaries, travel opportunities, job security, and professional development. Working in a close-knit team and experiencing camaraderie is also rewarding. The Merchant Navy is respected, offers a variety of job roles, and provides opportunities for personal growth. Those who enjoy adventure should consider it as a career option as it promises a stable and promising career opportunity.
FAQs About Merchant Navy Salary
What is the Merchant Navy?
A: The Merchant Navy is the fleet of commercial ships that carry goods and passengers across the world’s oceans.
What are the different types of jobs available in the Merchant Navy?
A: The Merchant Navy offers a range of job roles, including deck officers, engineering officers, ratings, and catering personnel.
How much can one earn in the Merchant Navy?
A: The salaries in the Merchant Navy vary depending on the job role, rank, and experience. However, on average, Merchant Navy personnel can earn anywhere between INR 20,000 to INR 5 lakh per month.
What are the factors that influence salaries in the Merchant Navy?
A: Some of the factors that influence salaries in the Merchant Navy include job role, rank, experience, company, and type of vessel.
What benefits are offered to Merchant Navy personnel?
A: Merchant Navy personnel are offered benefits such as tax exemptions, medical insurance, retirement benefits, and paid vacation.
Is it necessary to have a degree to work in the Merchant Navy?
A: It is not necessary to have a degree to work in the Merchant Navy, but one must have the required certifications and training.
What are the working conditions like in the Merchant Navy?
A: The working conditions in the Merchant Navy can be challenging due to long and unpredictable working hours, isolation, and physical and mental demands.
What are the opportunities for career growth in the Merchant Navy?
A: The Merchant Navy offers opportunities for career growth through promotions, specialized training, and educational programs.
Is the demand for personnel in the Merchant Navy expected to grow in the future?
A: Yes, the demand for personnel in the Merchant Navy is expected to grow in the future due to the increasing global trade and the expansion of the shipping industry.
How can one pursue a career in the Merchant Navy?
A: One can pursue a career in the Merchant Navy by completing the required certifications and training and applying to shipping companies or through the Indian Maritime University.